McMaster University

McMaster University

Rahul Chanchlani

Dr. Chanchlani is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Pediatrics at the McMaster University. He is also an Associate Member in the Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact (HEI) at the McMaster University. He earned his medical degree from the Grant Medical College & J.J. Group of Hospitals in Mumbai, in 2005, followed by his residency in pediatrics at the S.M.S Hospital in Jaipur, India. Upon completing his training in pediatrics he undertook a research fellowship followed by a clinical fellowship in pediatric nephrology at the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi. He remained at AIIMS as a Senior Registrar before accepting a clinical fellowship at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto (July 2013), which he completed in August of 2015. Recently, he also finished his Master's in Clinical Epidemiology (Institute of Health Policy, Management, and Evaluation) and Clinical Investigator Program from the University of Toronto.

Dr. Chanchlani joined the Division of Nephrology in the Department of Pediatrics at the McMaster Children’s Hospital in September 2015. He is a member of several professional organizations including the American Society of Pediatric Nephrology (ASPN) Research Committee and the Mid-West Pediatric Nephrology Consortium (MWPNC).

Clinical and Teaching Activities
Dr. Chanchlani has an active outpatient and inpatient practice at McMaster Children's Hospital. He cares for neonates and children with a variety of common and complex kidney conditions including dialysis and kidney transplant. As a passionate clinical educator, Dr. Chanchlani is involved in a variety of teaching and research activities both in the Division of Nephrology and the Department of Pediatrics with undergraduates, pediatric residents and fellows. He is also the Educational Resource Physician for the Division of Nephrology.

Research Program Overview
In addition to his clinical and teaching commitments, Dr. Chanchlani is currently involved in several clinical research studies as a principal and co-investigator. During his Master’s program at the University of Toronto, he was the recipient of the Hospital for Sick Children’s Restracomp award. This funding allowed him to conduct a study on long-term risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease in pediatric solid organ transplant patients.

At McMaster, Dr. Chanchlani conducts population-based clinical research to improve the outcomes among neonates and children with kidney disease. His main research focus is studying the epidemiology, risk factors and treatment of common pediatric kidney conditions such as acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, kidney transplant, nephrotic syndrome, and hypertension using health administrative databases housed at the Institute of Clinical Evaluative Sciences (ICES). He aims to foster the development of interdisciplinary research collaborationsamong peers and experts to address key renal diseases in neonates and children. He is an active member of the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences Kidney, Dialysis and Transplantation Research Group (ICES-KDT). His research project on acute kidney injury in children is funded by the Hamilton Health Sciences New Investigator Fund.

The other aspect of his clinical research involves collaborative multi-centric studies through the Mid-West Pediatric Nephrology Consortium (MWPNC). Dr. Chanchlani is leading and participating in several such studies to address the important kidney and urological diseases in neonates and children.

Current Projects

  • Incidence of Acute Kidney Injury and Long-Term Outcomes Among Neonates and Children (PI)
  • Complement Pathway Abnormalities in Post-Infectious Glomerulonephritis (PI)
  • Risk of Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Among Pediatric Solid Organ Transplant Recipients
  • Long-term Outcomes and Health Care Utilization Among Children with Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney (PI)
  • Risk of Malignancy in Pediatric Solid Organ Transplant Recipients
  • Kidney Disease in Neonates and Children with Congenital Heart Disease
  • Blood pressure Outcomes in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) Graduates with Idiopathic Hypertension
  • Cross-Sectional Analysis of Blood Pressure Patterns in Pediatric-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Patients
  • Assessment of Sleep and Physical Activity Levels in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease
  • Immunization Practices in Nephrotic Syndrome
  • Insight into Nephrtoic Syndrome: Investigating Genes, Health and Therapeutics (INSIGHT)
  • Role of Prophylactic Antibiotics in Children with Antenatal Hydronephrosis Diagnosed with Vesico-Ureteric Reflux
  • Canadian Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome (CHILDNEPH) Project

Peer-Reviewed Publications
A comprehensive list of peer-reviewed publications is available at PubMed.

Information for Learners
Undergraduates, residents, fellows and volunteers interested in clinical research projects are welcome and are advised to contact Dr. Chanchlani at

P: 905-521-2100 ext. 75635
F: 905-308-7548
McMaster University, Faculty of Health Sciences 

1280 Main Street West, HSC 3A-51
Hamilton, Ontario, Canada 

L8S 4K1

Administrative Assistant:
P: 905-521-2100 ext. 75635
F: 905-308-7548


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