1) The Needs Assessment
In order to better meet the needs of the clinicians during our one day training workshop, we asked clinicians to fill out a needs assessment survey inquiring about their learning needs (see survey sample). 30 clinicians out of a possible 36 (83%) completed the survey. Results of the needs assessment indicated that clinicians were most eager to learn about:
- Techniques to facilitate student learning about community practice (96.6%)
- Knowledge on how to make the elements of patient centred care explicit to learners (93.3%)
- Knowledge of the MD curriculum, student stages of learning and the PIPER program at McMaster University (86.67%).
Taking the results of the needs assessment into consideration, an introductory professional development workshop for preceptors was organized which was aimed at providing foundational skills to clinicians in collaborative practices and competencies in facilitating student’s shadowing experiences.
2) Clinician Training Workshop
The workshop was held on April 15th, 2008 at the Discovery Centre in Hamilton. Approximately 32 clinicians attended our training workshop. During the training session, clinicians were provided with an information package containing all the necessary workshop materials such as:
Inside the training folders, we also included a workshop evaluation form so that clinician could rate the workshop in order to improve future training sessions.
During the workshop, Dr. Cathy Risdon, co-Primary Investigator for the project, provided background knowledge of the medical students whom would be shadowing clinicians during placements. She explained that most students had never completed a home care visit before and most had little knowledge of chronic diseases and rehabilitation services or patient centred care.
Dr. Patty Solomon, Director of PIPER and co-Primary Investigator for the project, provided background information on the PIPER program and provided information on how to select the learning experience (discussed in the Clinician section). She also stressed that students should understand the value of healthcare in a community setting and encouraged clinicians to think about “pearls” they wanted to impart students with.
Gissele Damiani-Taraba, Program Manager, spoke about project procedures and discussed what the expectations were of clinicians.
Selecting the Experience/Informing the Patient
During the workshop, it was stressed that when selecting the experience (see "For Clinicians" section for details), clinicians were required to ask the patients or guardians (if the patient was a child) to sign a consent form allowing clinicians to bring 2 students to the session with them. Only patients who consented were included in the placements.
Results of Workshop Analysis
Clinicians were asked to evaluate the workshop. In summary, out of all the clinicians who attended the workshop, 29 completed the feedback form (91%). The mean score of the workshop was a 4.38 out of 5 (88%), s.d. = 0.49. Clinicians were also asked if the presenters facilitated their learning and the mean score of clinicians' answers was 4.55/5 (91%), s.d. = 0.51. Results suggest that clinicians found the workshop informative and that it met their personal goals.
"1. I will keep my goals simple. 2. keep students focused on my role."
— clinician response when asked what the workshop taught them