McMaster University

McMaster University

David Meyre

, PhD

Associate Professor
Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatics (primary)
Pathology and Molecular Medicine

David Meyre's CE&B biography

David Meyre

Faculty Biography

Education and Professional Standing


Interests

Academic

Dr Meyre completed a PhD in quantitative plant genetics in France. Since 2001, he is working on the elucidation of the genetic bases of obesity and type 2 diabetes. He published the first family-based genome-wide scan for childhood obesity, which identified a significant region for linkage on chromosome 6q. He completed the first successful positional cloning effort for childhood obesity, which identified the positional candidate gene ENPP1. He participated to the identification of FTO, the major susceptibility gene for polygenic obesity. David Meyre was part of the team who published the first genome-wide association study (GWAS) in complex diseases in 2007. In 2009, David Meyre published the first genome-wide association study of extreme obesity in the French population and identified four novel susceptibility-loci. He also conducted the first genome-wide association meta-analysis for early-onset extreme obesity in German and French populations, leading to the identification of two novel childhood obesity predisposing loci. In 2010, he contributed to the identification of the first structural variant (a 600 bp deletion located on the chromosome 16p11.2) associated to highly penetrant forms of severe obesity. In 2012, he identified the third more common form of monogenic obesity (PCSK1 partial deficiency) and proved an important role of the lipid sensor GPR120 in human obesity. He also participated to an international meta-analysis effort involving more than 20,000 kids that identified nine loci contributing to childhood obesity. 

With 96 articles published up to date (25 appeared in first-rank journals such as Nature, Science, Nature Genetics...), Dr Meyre is an internationally recognized expert in genetic epidemiology of metabolic diseases. His current research interests include 1) the identification of novel susceptibility genes using high-throughput sequencing / genotyping approaches in populations representative of the worldwide ethnic background 2) a better understanding of the physiological and molecular mechanisms underlying the development of metabolic diseases 3) the interactions between genes and specific environmental exposures 4) the usefulness of genetic information in clinical applications (prevention and care).


Selected Publications

  • The Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium. A genome-wide association meta-analysis identifies new childhood obesity loci. Nature Genetics. 2012 Apr 8.
  • Ichimura A, Hirasawa A, Poulain-Godefroy O, Bonnefond A, et al. Dysfunction of lipid sensor GPR120 leads to obesity in both mouse and human. Nature. 2012 Feb 19;483(7389):350-4.
  • Scherag A, Dina C, Hinney A, et al. Two new Loci for body-weight regulation identified in a joint analysis of genome-wide association studies for early-onset extreme obesity in French and German study groups. PLoS Genetics. 2010 Apr 22;6(4):e1000916.
  • Walters RG, Jacquemont S, Valsesia A, et al. A new highly penetrant form of obesity due to deletions on chromosome 16p11.2. Nature. 2010 Feb 4;463(7281):671-5.
  • Meyre D, Delplanque J, Chèvre JC, et al. Genome-wide association study for early-onset and morbid adult obesity identifies three new risk loci in European populations. Nature Genetics. 2009 Feb;41(2):157-9.
  • Benzinou M, Creemers JW, Choquet H, et al. Common nonsynonymous variants in PCSK1 confer risk of obesity. Nature Genetics. 2008 Aug;40(8):943-5.
  • Bouatia-Naji N, Rocheleau G, Van Lommel L, Lemaire K, Schuit F, Cavalcanti-Proença C, Marchand M, Hartikainen AL, Sovio U, De Graeve F, Rung J, Vaxillaire M, Tichet J, Marre M, Balkau B, Weill J, Elliott P, Jarvelin MR, Meyre D, Polychronakos C, Dina C, Sladek R, Froguel P. A polymorphism within the G6PC2  gene is associated with fasting plasma glucose levels. Science. 2008 May 23;320(5879):1085-8.
  • Dina C, Meyre D, Gallina S, Durand E, Körner A, Jacobson P, Carlsson LM, Kiess W, Vatin V, Lecoeur C, Delplanque J, Vaillant E, Pattou F, Ruiz J, Weill J, Levy-Marchal C, Horber F, Potoczna N, Hercberg S, Le Stunff C, Bougnères P, Kovacs P, Marre M, Balkau B, Cauchi S, Chèvre JC, Froguel P. Variation in FTO contributes to childhood obesity and severe adult obesity. Nature Genetics. 2007 Jun;39(6):724-6.
  • Sladek R, Rocheleau G, Rung J, Dina C, Shen L, Serre D, Boutin P, Vincent D, Belisle A, Hadjadj S, Balkau B, Heude B, Charpentier G, Hudson TJ, Montpetit A, Pshezhetsky AV, Prentki M, Posner BI, Balding DJ, Meyre D, Polychronakos C, Froguel P. A genome-wide association study identifies novel risk loci for type 2 diabetes. Nature. 2007 Feb 22;445(7130):881-5.
  • Dina C, Meyre D, Samson C, Tichet J, Marre M, Jouret B, Charles MA, Balkau B, Froguel P. Comment on "A common genetic variant is associated with adult and childhood obesity". Science. 2007 Jan 12;315(5809):187.
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