McMaster University

McMaster University

Sandra L. Carroll

Sandra Carroll

Acting Associate Dean, Health Sciences and Director, School of Nursing

Associate Professor, School of Nursing
Director, Clinical Health Professional Research, Hamilton Health Sciences
Associate Scientist, Population Health Research Institute

Adjunct Professor, School of Nursing, University of Ottawa
RN, BSc (University of Toronto), PhD (McMaster University)

905-525-9140 Ext. 21752

Support: Ext. 26140

McMaster University
1280 Main Street West
– HSC 2J40
Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1


Dr. Sandra Carroll joined the McMaster University School of Nursing in 2009 and is currently an Associate Professor. She has a Bachelor of Science from the University of Toronto and a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) from McMaster University. Dr. Carroll completed a CIHR Strategic Training Fellowship in the FUTURE Program for Cardiovascular Nurse Scientists and a Post-Doctoral Fellowship through the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario/Michael G. DeGroote Chair in Cardiovascular Nursing Research.

Dr. Carroll’s research focus includes patients’ decision-making, decision support in the context of implantable defibrillators, patient preferences for cardiovascular treatments, patient engagement, and patient reported outcomes in arrhythmia care. Dr. Carroll has received operating funds from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Heart & Stroke Foundation, an Early Career Award from the Hamilton Health Sciences Foundation, and the Hamilton Community Foundation. Dr. Carroll is Chair, of Patient Engagement for the Canadian Stroke Prevention Intervention Network.


Selected Grants

Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M., Yost, J., Abelson, J., Healey, J., Berkesse, A. Following the C-Spin RoAdMAP: ReAlizing MeAningful Patient Engagement. CIHR Patient Engagement: Collaboration Grant (SPOR). 2016-17, $30,000.


McGillion M (Nominated PI), Devereaux PJ, Yost J, Bender D, Turner A, Carroll SL, Peter E, Ritvo P, Krull K, Lamy A (Principal Investigators) and The SMArT VIEW team. The SMArT VIEW, CoVeRed: TecHnology Enabled monitoring and Self-MAnagemenT - Vision for patient EmpoWerment following Cardiac and VasculaR surgery. Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), eHealth Innovation Partnership Program (eHIPP) Grant. Budget Amount: $12,381,275 (CIHR: 750,000; Cash: 50,000; In-Kind: 11,581,275), Oct 2015-Sept 2019.


Carroll, S, Healey J. Patient and family perspectives about decisional needs regarding screening and prophylactic ICD implanation for ARVC, Memorial University, Life or Death? Genomics based diagnostic tools to prevent sudden cardiac death. Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency, $12,500.00, 2012-15.


Carroll, S, Arthur HM, Browne G, Healey J, McGillion M, Stacey D, Thabane L. Development and feasibility testing of decision support for patients who are candidates for an implantable defibrillator, Operating Grant, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), $154,915.00, 2012-15.



Selected Publications


  • Lauck, S., Baumbusch, J., Achtem, L., Forman, J., Carroll, S.L, Cheung, A., Ye, J. (2016). Factors influencing the decision of older adults to be assessed for transcatheter aortic valve implantation: An exploratory study. European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 15(7), 486-494.
  • Lewis, K.B., Stacey, D., Carroll, S.L., Boland, L., Sikora, L., Birnie, D. (2016). Estimating the risks and benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator replacement: A systematic review. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 39(7), 709-722.
  • Krahn, A., Healey, J.S., Gerull, B., Angaran, P., Chakrabarti, S., Sanatani, S., Arbour, L., Laskman, Z., Carroll, S.L., Seifer, C., Green, M., Roberts, JD., Talajic, M., Hamilton, R., Gardner, M. (2016). The Canadian Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy Registry: Rationale, Design and Preliminary Recruitment. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 32(12), 1396-1401.
  • Lewis, K., Stacey,D., Squires,J., Carroll, S.L. (2016). Shared decision-making models acknowledging an interprofessional approach: A theory analysis to inform nursing practice. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 30 (1), 26-43.
  • McGillion, M., Victor, J.C., Carroll, S.L., Metcalfe, K., O’Keefe-McCarthy, S., Jamal, N., Gershman, S., Arthur, H.M., McKelvie, R., Jolicoeur, E.M., Hanlon, Stone, J., Beanlands, R., Svorkdal, N., Stacey, D. (2015). The CREATE method for expressing continuous outcome data in absolute terms for use in patient treatment decision aids: A validation study. Medical Decision Making, 35(8), 959-966.
  • Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M., Arthur, HM. (2014). Living with and Implantable Defibrillator: A Model of Chronic Uncertainty. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice: An International Journal, 28(1), 1-16.
  • Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M., Stacey, D., Healey, J., Browne, G., Arthur, H.M., Thabane, L. (2013). Development and Feasibility Testing of Decision Support for Patients who are Candidates for an Implantable defibrillator: a study protocol for a pilot randomized controlled trial. Trials, 14: 346.
  • Carroll, S.L., Markle-Reid, M., Ciliska, D., Connolly, S.J., Arthur, H.M. (2012)  Age and Mental Health Predict Early Device-Specific Quality of Life in Patients Receiving Prophylactic Implantable Defibrillators, Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 28(4);502-507.
  • Carroll, S.L., Strachan, P.H., de Laat, S., Schwartz, L., Arthur, H.M. (2011). Patients’ Decision Making to Accept or Decline an Implantable Cardioverter for Primary Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death. Health Expectations. [Epub ahead of print] DOI: 10.1111/j.1369-7625.2011.00703.x; Published online, February 13, Vol 16 (1), pp 69-79.
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