Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact

Edward Mills

MSc (Oxford), PhD (McMaster), LLM (Oxford)

Associate Professor (Part-time), Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence, and Impact

Associate Professor and Canada Research Chair, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Ontario

Research Scientist, BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, St. Paul's Hospital, Vancouver, British Columbia


43 Templeton
Ottawa, Ontario, K1N 6X1


Academic Interests

Dr. Mills’ interests are in the application of evidence-based decision-making to international health interventions and the comparison of competing interventions for specific conditions. He is involved in the measurement of health in Africa and Asia and oversees a statistical methods group examining the improvement of measurement in international health and comparative effectiveness. He currently works in Uganda, Rwanda and Canada. He has developed cohorts, conducted randomized trials (RCTs) and conducted workshops on research methods throughout Africa. Among several ongoing RCTs, he is currently leading a large multi-centre trial of microeconomic opportunities for HIV/AIDS patients in Uganda. In addition to HIV/AIDS, he is a Board of Trustee member at the International Centre for Diarrheal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) and a Board member of the Center for Public Health and Human Rights at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health.

Selected Publications

  1. Mills EJ, Bakanda C, Birungi J, Chan K, Ford N, Cooper C, Nachega J, Dybul M, Hogg RS. Life expectancy of individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy in low-income countries: a cohort analysis from Uganda. Annals of Internal Medicine 2011;155:209-216.
  2. Mills EJ, Bakanda C, Birungi J, Chan K, Ford N, Cooper C, Hogg R. Mortality by baseline CD4 cell count among HIV patients initiating antiretroviral therapy: Evidence from a cohort of 22 315 patients in Uganda. AIDS 2011;25:851-5.
  3. Mills EJ, Ghement I, O'Regan C, Thorlund K. Estimating the power of indirect comparisons: a simulation study. PLoS One. 2011;6:e16237.
  4. Bakanda C, Birungi J, Mwesigwa R, Nachega J, Chan F, Ford N, Dybul M, Mills EJ. Association of Aging and Survival in a Large HIV-infected Cohort on Antiretroviral Therapy in Uganda. AIDS 2011;25:701-5.
  5. Mills EJ, Rammohan A, Awofeso N. Ageing faster with AIDS in Africa. The Lancet. 2011;377:1131-3.
  6. Lester RT, Ritvo P, Mills EJ, Kariri A, Karanja S, Chung MH, Jack W, Habyarimana J, Sadatsafavi M, Najafzadeh M, Marra CA, Estambale B, Ngugi E, Ball TB, Thabane L, Gelmon LJ, Kimani J, Ackers M, Plummer FA. Effects of a mobile phone short message service on antiretroviral treatment adherence in Kenya (WelTel Kenya1): a randomised trial. The Lancet. 2010;376:1838-45
  7. Ford N, Nachega J, Engels M, Mills EJ. Directly observed antiretroviral therapy: A meta-analysis. The Lancet 2009;374:2064-71
  8. Mills EJ, Ford N, Mugyenyi P. Expanding antiretroviral care in Africa: Making men matter. The Lancet 2009;374:275-6
  9. Ford N, Mills EJ, Calmy A. Rationing antiretroviral therapy in Africa. Treating too few, too late. New England J Med 2009;360:1808-10
  10. Palmer A, Thomlynson J, Phung C, Ford N, Lima V, Fernandez K, Joffres M, Guyatt GH, Montaner JM, Mills EJ. Does the ratification of human rights treaties impact population health? The Lancet 2009;373:1987-92.

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